In the USA a pyramid scheme is federally illegal whether on the internet or not. For this to be running as long as it has it seems it may be coming out of another country that our government/police system can not combat (or just maybe the correct authorities have not been contacted, and yes they can be tracked). I do believe in freedom of the internet but at the same time I feel countries should try to help the world to combat this. Lost cause. Ahh, and to think we are all human with some of us missing a working brain part called empathy.
While we all have some extra time, it often doesn't feel like it. But it also doesn't take too much effort to make some extra dough on the side. We're not talking about millions upon millions here -- we're mostly talking about doing small, bite-sized projects to generate some fast cash. And depending on your skill set, you could easily make a few hundred dollars or even a few extra thousand per month. 
I founded this site back in 2007. I lost $50 to a data entry scam when I was still in college. I felt ripped off and had no recourse, but to suck it up and pull an extra shift delivering food to make ends meet.I setup this site so no one would have to go through the same experience I went through. I wanted to stop scam artists from preying on the vulnerable and help regular people learn the true, legitimate ways of making money online.
Protect yourself: In the end, you also need to protect yourself and your wealth, from yourself (doing something stupid with your savings) and others. Insurance, legal corporations, rainy day savings funds, tax shields and so on, there are many ways how you can protect yourself and your wealth. If you’re asking from what? From accidents, the government, market melts, sneaky salesmen and even from yourself is the answer.
Brainstorm and anticipate any possible arguments that your employer might make against giving you a raise so that you’re prepared to address them. Ask your manager or the person who determines your pay for a meeting dedicated specifically to this issue, ideally during a time that things aren’t too hectic at work. If you approach a supervisor during a time that they’re already stressed out, you’re less likely to get a positive response.
Yes, companies will pay you to install apps (or place ads) on your cell phone and leave them there. These apps often run in the background and track your spending/purchasing habits but if you’re not one to really care who knows what groceries you’re buying that week then this is seriously the easiest way to make upwards of $300 per year for no reason.
Reduce monthly debt payments: Not all of us are in such a dire situation that we can just have our debt forgiven. However, you can cut your payments by up to 80% by refinancing. Most credit cards have interest rates above 25% and Credible’s refinance loans are as low as 4%. It won’t change the amount of your debt, but it can reduce your monthly payment significantly.
2) it would likely be easier to emulate what some of these big MLM girls are doing with their FB groups. Rather than advertise your products on FB, look for ways to build a page with a large following of interested users. A lot of these Lula Roe girls that do exceptionally well have large facebook pages with 10,000+ likes they “go live” on facebook and have Lula Roe parties showing off their goods/sales.
Do you love getting refunds? How cool would it be to get money back on stuff you’ve already bought? Paribus is a service that lets you find out if stores you’ve shopped at online owe you a refund.  It’s free to sign up. Paribus connects to your email account and checks your receipts.  If they find out a retailer has dropped their price they file a price adjustment claim for you.  Try out Paribus.
In order to succeed, you need people to know about you and your business. They need to see the hard work and understand your mission statement. And the best way to get the word out (for cheap) is to already have a laundry list of contacts up your sleeve before hand. This means that you need to constantly be on the lookout for contacts and connections that could help you in the long run. Attend networking events and conferences where you can meet up with like-minded people, share goals and ambitions, and connect for the future. 

It may make you think again if that's your real goal - getting rich. Felix says that he can understand looking back why others chose different paths with raising a family, devoting themselves to a worthy cause or non-profit, because he himself really wonders if it was worth it...NOT! as it turns out, he's too used to his freedom and experiences of the finer things in life that money affords to change his fate now. He shares with you in the book what a real bummer or hassle that having money brings including a long list of needed advisers, financial advisers, tax advisers, supportive well wishers who seek hand-outs, charities, not to mention the minute details and fine print of the tax laws that you'll need to get extra very familiar with.


Rent out a room on Airbnb. Living near a tourist area has its perks, including the prospect of renting out a room for a profit. With home sharing sites like Airbnb, you can rent out a room in your home – or even the entire place – for a day, a week, or longer. If you have extra space and might enjoy the company of travelers, renting out a room is great way to earn some extra money with little effort on your part. See our post, “How to Make Money as an AirBNB Host.”
Another important personality trait to being successful and rich is patience. Nothing big is accomplished overnight, and you cannot and will not get rich in a matter of days. All the efforts you put towards accumulating wealth could take months or even years to pay off. It’s easy to get frustrated early on, especially when it seems like there’s a new wealthy person in the news every other day. However, realizing that your pace of success does not have to compete with theirs is crucial.

Furthermore you could use a course platform to create and teach online courses on any topic you choose — this is becoming super popular and is something we ourselves do (we have an online course we teach on social media marketing). Either way — most people typically need a platform to accomplish either of these and a blog is typically the easiest way to accomplish that (although that in and of itself can take months to years to really gain traction). We have a blog setup tutorial if you’re interested (just let me know and I’ll get you some good resources).
If you do this strategically, you’ll likely get positive results. Pick five to six people you know who have positions similar to yours, whether they work for the same company or a different one. Invite them to lunch or coffee, and make the ask in person, since email and text message will be much easier to dodge than face-to-face. And explain why you’re asking. Say something like, “I’m in the job market/I’m conducting research to ask for a raise/I’m applying for a promotion, and I’m polling several colleagues who have jobs like ours so I can calculate a realistic salary range when I negotiate my pay. I would really appreciate if you could disclose your salary to me, since you’re in a role similar to mine, and I really respect you as a professional in this industry.” If they say no, tell them that you understand and that if they happen to change their mind to reach out. If they say yes, thank them profusely, and then follow up with them afterwards to let them know the result. Especially if you get a positive result, they’ll likely be happy to know that disclosing their salary helped a colleague advance in their career.

Home Income Cash System is an IM product that doesn’t give enough info for you really to make any money online. It’s just rehashed old methods that don’t really work anymore.  Unfortunately, these types of “work from home” systems tend to target unsuspecting “newbies” who are curious or who really, really just want something that can work for them. I’m going to reveal to you some dirty little secrets of Home Income Cash System and other programs just like it.

During my high school days, I was a pretty decent golfer (about a 2-3 handicap, for you other golfers out there). I was asked by my local club professional if I would help him teach his junior golf clinics that summer. If you have specialized skill in any sport, there are definitely opportunities out there for teaching others the fundamentals (and getting paid).
Write and publish an eBook. You don’t need a traditional publisher and financial backing to publish your own book anymore. In fact, Amazon.com makes it possible for you to publish your own eBook and sell it independently – with no financial investment on your part. And with Kindle eBook publishing, your book will appear on Kindle stores worldwide within 24-48 hours. Just be prepared to market it yourself on social media, your blog, or elsewhere if you expect to generate sales.
Become a dog walker if you live in an area where they are in demand. You can walk dogs for people who own dogs but who are too busy to walk them. However, this can be a demanding job, especially if you end up walking a few dogs at once or if you are walking dogs throughout the day, so ensure that you have the physical stamina for this type of job.[13]
Current positions available include business sales representatives, customer service representatives, and bilingual customer service representatives. Positions are available in the US and Canada. You'll be provided with proprietary technology that enables you to securely access applications, so you will be able to support and assist customers with a variety of services and technical needs. You must be at least 17 years of age, have a high school diploma or general equivalency diploma, and have wire connected Internet access.
Your journey to becoming rich might not be linear. Much a like a road trip, there could be some roadblocks or traffic along the way and things that halt your journey or slow you down. However, if you’re committed to getting rich, you have to develop persistence. If you stay the course, you’re more likely to learn how to build wealth and reach your goals.
Accommodate Multiple Forms of Payment: Many deal-seekers carry cash, but you want to accommodate every potential buyer. So, in the days leading up to the event, consider purchasing a point-of-sale system that can accept credit cards. Square is a popular and relatively cost-effective option: it doesn’t cost anything upfront and bundles credit card processing fees into its own per-transaction fees, resulting in a net expense of 2.75% for most transactions (net of $97.25 for every $100 charged). This is a small price to pay to capture the ever-growing cashless consumer demographic. On the day before the sale, visit the bank and grab $100 in small bills and coin rolls to ensure you’ll have enough change for buyers who do prefer cash.
With that said, there are certainly a few tricks to getting your foot in the door. Our friend Kayla’s new course called “$10K VA” teaches you the exact steps she has used to make a consistent $10,000 a month. She covers topics like pitching clients, creating efficient systems, pricing your services, and more. It’s a great opportunity to hit the ground running by learning from one of the best VAs around. Learn more about the $10K VA course here.

The Home Income System is marketed as a new program that challenges that 40-hour work week. And, it challenges that office life mentality. If working away from the office gets you excited inside, then this program might be worth checking out. You can use this system in your spare time wherever you have internet connection. That means you can sit on your couch, watch TV, and use this system at the same time. And, you won’t have to answer to a boss, have a special education, or even have prior experience to use Home Income System. If you click below today, you might just change your perspective on working. Tap the button below to see if the Home Income System is for you (and save some money while doing it)!
Finances. You need to be good at quick math and be able to make quick decisions. You have to be careful how much you pay for a book, and then keep careful track of the expenses involved in selling it. For instance, when you sell on a website, they’ll take a commission from the sale. In addition, some sites, like eBay, will charge you a listing fee for each book. If you request that your money be deposited via PayPal, then you’ll be charged a transaction fee per book. If you’re not careful, the fees will quickly negate your profits.
Companies like Uber and Lyft offer a great opportunity to make some quick cash. You'll need a clean driving record, a fairly new car and the authorization to work wherever it is that you live. If you have all of those things, you can work when it's feasible for you, whether that's in the middle of the day during rush hour, or in the wee hours of the night on a weekend. The choice is yours.
The Home Income Site is an online system geared towards providing consumers with the know-how to make a flourishing and lucrative online business from home. Rendering an educational and intuitive guide for prospective consumers, The Home Income Site program can allegedly help consumers generate between $3,000 to $6,000 per month with no trouble, with minimum effort and minor financial commitment from their end.
You can find index funds through most banks (just make sure they charge less than 1% fees), or through online sites like Vanguard.com.  Pick an index fund or ETF with a long track record and set it up to automatically take $170 per month from your bank account.  Just let it sit and do not touch it for any reason!  You’re guaranteed to see the money fluctuate up and down but do not touch it!   If you just leave it alone for years and keep adding to it each month, you’re pretty likely to end up with substantial wealth.
On their own websites, bloggers make money by selling their own products or advertising others. Advertising revenue is generated through advertisements, sponsorships, or affiliate marketing. In addition to their own blogs, many bloggers look for online writing jobs. Freelance writing provides a steadier stream of income than blogging, and it is easier to start making money quickly – making it a great way to supplement your income as you grow your own blog.

i strongly agree with u mcneri. most of the comments failed to impart the essence of becoming a millionaire. having good intentions to become a millionaire, like building foundations for the less fortunate pips, giving employment etc., aside from wanting to achieve financial freedom is a sure way with the guidance from God. FAITH and ACTION is a must… i am not there yet but with this mind, I CAN DO IT.
In an increasingly visual internet, website owners, bloggers, epublishers, video makers, and others need quality photos for their content. However, you don’t need to be a professional photographer to make money from your pictures. Quality photos from your smartphone are often good enough to sell online. Most stockphoto sites pay 15 to 60 percent of the sale of your photo, usually through PayPal.
If I am right about what you have descibed above, this is another high ticket program. I talked with someone that contacted me after I left two messages on a voicemail because I saw no charge on my credit card and the link to their “member program login” did not work. I was given a discounted price of $47 from $97. After talking with a man the second time, he told me I would need to agree to payout an additional $1,500 payment on my credit and $4,300 financed to get into their program. Scam? Sure sounds like what you describe above.

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Thank you for all the advice you offer. Im only 23 years old and stumbled upon your writing on debt management a few months ago and have already reduced my debt by 30%. People may knit pick at what you say but the underlining is always the same…less debt+saving and investing leads financial freedom. I look forward to continuing to read what you have to say and making these millions with you brother.
Ecommerce is booming. While Amazon takes the lion's share, consumers are buying by the droves when they can scoop up great offers. In fact, some of the leading online marketers like Neil Patel, Frank Kern, Dean Graziosi, David Sharpe, John Reese and many others, are using free-plus-shipping ecommerce and book funnels to make small fortunes. This comes back to the implementation of sales funnels within an ecommerce environment. In fact, much of what people think about traditional ecommerce stores taking months or even years to build and costing a small fortune simply isn't true. 

Do you enjoy fast food or going into retail shops? Many companies hire mystery shoppers to test the customer service of their stores. A common one is Subway, which hires mystery shoppers to ensure that "Sandwich Artists" are following all the franchise guidelines. If you have time and can travel to different places, this could be a good side hustle.
The Id -- The id is the first part of the human mind that's formed. It's the basal and instinctive urges that drive us towards instant gratification, and it's hardwired into our genetic conditioning to eat, procreate and defecate, for example. The id creates the sudden urges of wanting what we want, and wanting it right now. Children are all born with the id until the other parts form, and if we were only left with the id, we would do, act, and say as we pleased all the time and anytime.

Great Post! I like the tip on creating a direct sales business. I stated my online fitness business in April 2016 and have averaged $500 a month. The pace has been increasing and mine and my husbands goal is to quit our jobs in Aug. of 2017 to take this business full time. It is possible to make money online you just have to believe in yourself! You can do it!
Ratings. Whenever someone buys a book from you, they will have the opportunity to give the transaction a rating. This is when they’ll tell other potential buyers whether the book was in the condition that you described, whether it was mailed on time, and if your communications were pleasant and helpful. One bad rating can hamper sales, and a couple of them can downright stop them. Excel at customer service and your ratings will help your company grow.

[…] So don’t let yourself succumb to one single source of income.  Take a lesson from those around us and diversify.  Start by putting your money into things that have a strong potential to grow and bring you returns for years to come.  If you’re feeling a little more adventurous or entrepreneurial, you could always start a small-scale business using a website such as this one or other online jobs. […]
Does anyone know or gave an active email for both M.O.B.E. And Home Income System? Got e-mail from M.O.B.E. that ny,refund should appear on credit card within 4 days. Statement arrived. No credit. Home Income Systems ordered yesterday morning. Yes, we fell for it again. Phone number has no voice mail and person is,not available. Emails jeep,coming back undelivered. My,credit card co can help in 5 date–Iwaiting for transaction to appear on my statement. M.O.B.E was too long ago. Also, whom could I report these to? Thank you.
I fear your wonderful advice comes too late for me. I am 58 years old and have no job skills. The world is a wonderful place for you young people who have jobs and a meaningful life, but for someone like me it is difficult to want to keep going. I feel antiquated and out-of-date. I will never be a millionaire–not even close! What is even worse is that my two grown sons can only find part-time, minimum wage jobs and both of them went to college.

Work in grocery delivery. Instacart is a company that will pay you to pick up grocery store orders in your spare time. The entire purchase and order takes place through the Instacart app, making it easy for you to pick up the groceries your customers wants and get paid. Like other food delivery jobs on this list, Instacart lets you earn a per-trip rate plus tips. Shipt is another service that will pay you to shop for groceries and deliver them to consumers in your area, so make sure to see if they’re available where you live.
Companies like Uber and Lyft offer a great opportunity to make some quick cash. You'll need a clean driving record, a fairly new car and the authorization to work wherever it is that you live. If you have all of those things, you can work when it's feasible for you, whether that's in the middle of the day during rush hour, or in the wee hours of the night on a weekend. The choice is yours.
This can include advertising, but many businesses also need help just filling up their social media profiles with relevant (and consistent) content. If you enjoy learning about social media and want to take things a step further and make extra money, social media management is a great option. If you’re good at it, it can also open up a lot of doors for you down the road. This is a great article from Small Biz Trends on How to Start Your Own Social Media Business.
Another advantage of having some cash savings is the ability to use the money for investments or other large purchases when you come across a good deal. This could be a something like an investment, property, or just a good deal that saves you thousands of dollars on a major purchase. Take advantage of these principles and save money whenever possible.
Sell stuff online. If you have high-quality items to sell, there are a slew of online marketplaces you can use. Just make sure you understand the fees associated with your sale before you take the plunge. Where neighborhood Facebook pages and Craigslist ads are free, many online marketplaces or consignment shops charge for ads or require you to fork over a percentage when you make a sale.
First and foremost, you have to set realistic goals. You have to constantly track and check in with your finances. Otherwise, how will you know when you’ve finally made it rich? Give yourself quarterly figures to hit. Keep track of all streams of income and make sure you know where all of this money is going. But don’t track it by month — things fluctuate too much and month to month figures don’t matter as much as year-to-year figures. This will give you a better idea of where you’ll be in the long run. You’re in it for the long haul, remember? 
I’m really torn here. As a writer, I sympathize with you. I’ve looked again and again into freelancing, and consistently find that the rates other people are willing to work for make it an insulting waste of my time. (Like, $10/hour is what a 15-year-old babysitter makes, not a professional writer.) On the other hand, you really can’t ask others to not compete with you. On the plus side, in my (limited) experience, you do get what you pay for most of the time. My sister had a less-expensive wedding photographer, and she was definitely less than happy with the results. So …
This is a fantastic article and it really has given me help. I want to go to this thing in the summer called Creation Fest and it has music and speackers to celebrate God and it costs a lot! I was looking for help and I found this. $100+ seems easy at first but then your stuck when your my age. Thanks a whole bunch and I will probably come back again.
This is another area where large, often tech-focused, companies are consistently looking to hire remote workers. Like with customer service agents, tech support specialists are focused on answering customer questions and solving their problems. However, tech support is more specialized, so it does require a little knowledge about working with the product.

In reply to “Alex says” I called my Ins agent and asked her if she has ever paid to be able to sell Ins (she does Full Life, Term Life, Medicare/ Health Ins, Prescription Ins and more) and she related to me she has never paid for the job of selling Ins. She works on commission now as she works out of home but she told me years back she worked in an Ins office and at the at time never had to pay. I worked in the Auto Ins business and can insure you I never paid for a job. And being my brother is a car salesman I can assure you he has never paid for his job. Don’t know where you live but I am assuming it is not the US. Or you or your friends are being scammed. Of course as many times as you have answered this site I think you may work for it or own it. Either way your are very incorrect to tell people that.

Thank you for this info. I have twelve tumors and most are on my back. I want to work and need my children to see that I am still able to bring something to the table. This disease is inherited and they both have it. I have State insurance so I have little hope of getting the help I need. I don’t let them know that but am constantly pushing them to get a career that has good insurance and one that will take them to unimaginable places with insurance lol. I needed this article it has gave me hope. Thank you and God bless. P.s. if you have more info plz email me. I am open to any ideas you might havee.
Remember the steps from point 2: Make more money, spend less, and invest wisely. Point 3 covered making more money, and this one covers spending less. Make a detailed budget for yourself based on your projected income and your current expenses. Set firm limits for your expenses, and keep a close eye on where most of your money goes--you might be surprised at some of the areas where you waste the most money. Once identified, you can start refining your budget to spend as little as possible, and funnel the rest into a savings or investment program.
Work in grocery delivery. Instacart is a company that will pay you to pick up grocery store orders in your spare time. The entire purchase and order takes place through the Instacart app, making it easy for you to pick up the groceries your customers wants and get paid. Like other food delivery jobs on this list, Instacart lets you earn a per-trip rate plus tips. Shipt is another service that will pay you to shop for groceries and deliver them to consumers in your area, so make sure to see if they’re available where you live.
“Remote work requires you to be a problem solver and a great communicator,” says Wade Foster, CEO and co-founder of Zapier, a 100-percent remote internet company. “In a remote environment, you have no one looking over your shoulder to help show you the next steps. That means you need to default to action and identify the opportunities where you can help your team and go find ways to solve those problems.”
Marketing. When operating as a consultant, you won’t necessarily be marketing your company; you’ll be marketing yourself. You’ll have to “package” yourself in a way that makes people trust you. For instance, if you’re marketing yourself as a financial consultant, ask yourself why someone would trust you with their life savings, and then figure out a way to convey that to potential clients. It might be in the form of a brochure, a portfolio, a sales letter, or all three.
By applying these seven secrets in full swing, you'll be able to start accumulating wealth no matter where you are in life. Yes, the first steps are hard--paying down your debt, establishing your credentials, building an investment portfolio, etc.--but if you do it early and do it right, you'll set yourself up for massive financial success later on.
It turns out that the German beer industry suffers from small-scale production. There are 1,000 little local beer companies in Germany, shielded from competition with each other because each German brewery has virtually a local monopoly, and shielded from competition with imports. The United States has 67 major beer breweries, producing 23 billion liters of beer per year. Germany has 1,000 major beer breweries, producing only half as much beer per year as the United States. That's to say that the average brewery in the U.S. produces 31 times more beer than the average brewery in Germany.
Set up a roadside stand. Depending on where you live, you could profit handsomely by setting up a roadside stand. If you live near a resort area, for example, you could buy cases of bottled water, put them on ice, and sell them to passers by for twice what you paid. Selling fruit and produce you grow yourself is also a smart idea in highly-traveled areas.
In order to make money, you have to take a chance that a venture or idea you have will pan out. Therefore, it is important to think deeply and evaluate multiple possible outcomes before you decide that an investment is worth it. Taking risks without thinking about them beforehand is an incredibly quick way to lose money. To earn, you should take risks, but they should be calculated.
Jared Diamond was in New York several weeks ago and we had an early dinner across the street from the Museum of Natural History where he was scheduled to speak later in the evening. Jared first visited the Museum in 1963, when he was 25 years old, preparing to go to New Guinea on his first expedition to study New Guinea birds. Subsequently he analyzed his bird collections in the museum where he is on the staff of the Museum's Department of Ornithology in addition to his position at UCLA.
The Id -- The id is the first part of the human mind that's formed. It's the basal and instinctive urges that drive us towards instant gratification, and it's hardwired into our genetic conditioning to eat, procreate and defecate, for example. The id creates the sudden urges of wanting what we want, and wanting it right now. Children are all born with the id until the other parts form, and if we were only left with the id, we would do, act, and say as we pleased all the time and anytime.

If this is the first time you are hearing about this, though, then we actually do not recommend trying it. The average skill level of players on the Internet has improved so much over the past few years that it’s virtually guaranteed that a new player will lose money over the medium to long-term. But hey, Ben made upwards of 6 figures playing online in poker in college, so we had to list it. 🙂


When I started to work from home, I missed talking to people. A lot. But I soon found a friend. Every day, I would hear the UPS guy gunning his motor as he drove down my long driveway to deliver my packages. As soon as I would spot him, I’d fly out of the house and chat him up. And now he leaves the packages by the curb. Sure, the one big bonus of working from home is that it gets you away from the petty office politics and never-ending gossip.
The other lesson that I would like to draw from history concerns what is called the optimal fragmentation principle. Namely, if you've got a human group, whether the human group is the staff of this museum, or your business, or the German beer industry, or Route 128, is that group best organized as a single large unit, or is it best organized as a number of small units, or is it best fragmented into a lot of small units? What's the most effective organization of the groups?
most of these site you have to be older then 18, so thus you couldn’t do any of them unless in your parents name, also you would need their credit card or pay pal account, which i don’t think any parent would let their kid have that account, best advice i can tell you is to try working in lawn care, good for you wanted to start working young, i know how hard it can be living in a small town with poor parents, mabye ask around for idea, beware of the net though, net jobs are mostly scams and they onces that aren’t you mostly have to be 18, mabye if you don’t need a permit in your town sell cookies, or your old toys in a yard sale. cleaning jobs, are good. good luck, i know what it like being you, work hard
This is great, thank you! We are having our first little one in May and I’ll be staying home with the baby after that because it’s really important to both of us, and I’ve been looking for some legit opportunities to still be able to contribute to our income. This list is really helpful and definitely gives me hope that I can find something in a few months when we have a schedule again!

You can start by going to your personal Facebook page and posting about the teething ring you like and telling your friends about it.  Then include your Amazon Associates link to the product.  If one of your friends buys the teething ring after clicking on your link, you get a percentage of the sale.  Your friend doesn’t pay any extra, and you make money.  Win-Win.  Oh, and if your friend clicks your link to the baby teething ring and gets distracted and ends up buying a new vacuum–you still get your commission even though that’s not what you linked to!  Awesome!
You probably can’t demand a raise from your boss, but there are a few simple ways that you can essentially give yourself a raise. Simple cutting out some of your major expenses, like canceling your cable or going out to eat less can save you hundreds of dollars every year. If you save $200 every month, you’ll find yourself with $2,400 at the end of the year.
You've seen that effect even in modern times. Twenty years ago, a few idiots in control of the world's most populous nation were able to shut down the educational system for one billion people at the time of the Great Cultural Revolution, whereas it's impossible for a few idiots to shut down the educational system of all of Europe. This suggests, then, that Europe's fragmentation was a great advantage to Europe as far as technological and scientific innovation is concerned. Does this mean that a high degree of fragmentation is even better? Probably not. India was geographically even more fragmented than Europe, but India was not technologically as innovative as Europe. And this suggests that there is an optimal intermediate degree of fragmentation, that a too-unified society is a disadvantage, and a too-fragmented society is also a disadvantage. Instead, innovation proceeds most rapidly in a society with some intermediate degree of fragmentation.
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